Forklift | Uforklift (2023)

Are you in the market for forklifts? If you’re new to the world of forklifts, you have to take note that buying and operating one can be daunting.

If you’re in the business of handling and moving heavy objects, then you know that a forklift is an essential piece of equipment. They are versatile and can be used in a variety of settings, from warehouses to construction sites. When it comes to forklifts, it’s important to know their facts.

This article will walk you through everything you need to know about purchasing and running a forklift. So whether you’re just starting out or are looking for ways to improve your forklift operation, this guide is for you!


Forklift Definition

Forklifts are defined as powered industrial trucks used to lift and move heavy loads. A forklift operates by hydraulic fluid power or electric motor. The forklift forks are raised and lowered by a hydraulic system, and the load is elevated by the forks.

Forklift trucks are widely used in many industries, including manufacturing, construction, and warehousing. They are used in a variety of applications, such as loading and unloading trucks, lifting and moving heavy loads, and stacking pallets.

Forklifts are classified into 3 categories: classes, usage, and wheels. They are available in diesel, gasoline, electric, and propane models.

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Basic Forklift Components

The forklift consists of a few basic parts. These include:


Forklift Mast

This is the vertical section of the forklift that contains the forks. The forklift mast also has hydraulic cylinders that allow the forklift operator to raise and lower the load.



This is the horizontal portion of the forklift that connects to the mast. It contains the load backrest and supporting arms. The forklift carriage also has a forklift tilt cylinder that allows the operator to tilt the load.


Load Backrest

This is located on the carriage and is used to support the load being carried by the forklift.


Forklift Forks

These are the metal tines that are attached to the carriage and are used to lift the load. These forks can be adjustable to accommodate different-sized loads.



These are located on the forklift carriage and are used to operate the forklift. The forklift controls include the hydraulic controls, steering wheel, and throttle.



This is located at the rear of the forklift and provides power to the forklift. The forklift engine can be either gasoline-powered or diesel-powered.



Some lift trucks are powered by batteries. These forklifts have a battery charger that is used to recharge the batteries.


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Forklifts have either solid tires or pneumatic tires. Solid tires are made of rubber and provide good traction on smooth surfaces. Pneumatic tires are filled with air and provide good traction on rough surfaces.


Truck Frame

The frame is the main structure of the forklift truck and everything else is attached to it. The forklift frame supports the mast, counterweight, and engine.



The counterweight is located at the back of the forklift machine. It is used to balance the load on the forks.

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Now that you know the basic forklift parts, you can start shopping for a forklift that will fit your needs. At Uforklift, we have a wide selection of both new and used forklifts to choose from.

We also have a team of experts who can help you find the perfect forklift for your business. Contact us today to learn more about our forklift services.


Types of Forklifts Available in the Market

There are a few different types of forklift machines that are available on the market. Some of these forklift models include:

1Warehouse Forklift
2Side Loader
3Counterbalance Forklift
5Heavy Duty Forklift
6Rough Terrain Forklift
7Pallet Jack
8Order Picker
9Reach Fork Truck


Warehouse Forklift

This type of forklift is used in warehouses and is designed for indoor use. These forklifts are available in electric, diesel, and propane models.


Side Loader Fork

This type of forklift is used to load and unload trucks. It has a long arm that allows the operator to reach into the side of the truck to load or unload the cargo.


Counterbalance Forklift

This type of forklift is used to lift and move heavy loads. It has a large counterweight at the back of the machine that helps to balance the load on the forks.


Telehandler Fork

This type of forklift has a long boom that allows the operator to reach high areas. These forklifts are widely used in construction agriculture businesses.


Heavy Duty Forklift

This type of forklift has a large engine that provides power to the forklift. These forklifts are usually used in construction sites and factories.


Rough Terrain Forklift

This type of forklift is designed for use on rough terrain. It has large tires that provide good traction and a powerful engine that helps the forklift to navigate over obstacles.


Pallet Jacks

This type of forklift is used to move pallets around a warehouse. It has two forks that are placed under the pallet and the operator uses a handle to push or pull the pallet. A pallet jack is perfect for use in a narrow aisle.

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Order Picker

Order pickers are used to pick up orders in a warehouse. It has a platform that the operator stands on and uses a handle to move up and down.


Reach Fork Truck

Reach trucks are used to reach high shelves in a warehouse. It has a long boom that extends from the forklift carriage. This type of forklift lift loads with the forks facing downwards.

When choosing a forklift, it’s important to consider the needs of your business. Forklifts can be a valuable asset to any business, but it’s important to choose the right one for your needs.


Most Common Types of Forklift Accidents

Forklift accidents are often very serious and can result in death or serious injury. Some of the most common forklift accidents include:


Forklift Overturning

This is the most common type of forklift accident and sometimes can be very serious. Pallet forklifts are prone to overturning when they are traveling too fast, or when they are carrying a load that is too heavy or not evenly distributed.


Forklift Tipping Over

This type of accident can occur when the power forklift is carrying a load that is too heavy or not evenly distributed. It can also occur if the forklift hits a bump or hole in the ground.


Falling Objects

This type of forklift accident can occur when a forklift is carrying a load that is too high, or when the load shifts and falls off of the forks. This can happen if the load is not properly secured, or if the forklift itself is not stable. Falling objects can cause serious injury or death to anyone who is struck by them.



Forklift trucks can be involved in collisions with other forklifts, vehicles, or pedestrians. These types of accidents can be very serious, especially if the forklift is carrying a heavy load.

If you are operating a forklift, it is important to be aware of these common types of accidents and to take precautions to avoid them. If you are involved in a forklift accident, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.

Here’s a video of forklift mishaps, which might help you avoid similar difficulties in the future.


Benefits of Owning a Forklift

There are many benefits to owning a forklift, which is why they are so popular in warehouses and factories. Some of the benefits include:


Increased Productivity

Forklifts can help you move heavy items much more quickly than if you were to try to move them by hand. This can lead to increased productivity in your workplace.


Reduced Injuries

Forklifts can help reduce the risk of injuries in your workplace. If you are constantly lifting heavy items, you are at a higher risk for back injuries. However, with a forklift, you can avoid these injuries by letting the machine do the work for you.


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Increased Safety

Forklifts can also help increase safety in your workplace. If you are working with heavy machinery, it is important to have a forklift on hand in case something goes wrong.

Forklifts can also help you move around dangerous materials without putting yourself at risk. Just be sure to operate the lift trucks carefully and always follow safety regulations.


Wise Investment

A forklift is a wise investment for any business that relies on moving heavy materials. Forklift rental is a business expense that can quickly pay for itself. Forklifts can last for many years with proper maintenance, so you will be able to get your money’s worth out of the machine.

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If you are considering purchasing a forklift, keep these benefits in mind. A forklift can be a valuable asset to your business, but it’s important to choose the right one for your needs.

Contact us at Uforklift today so we can help you get started with your forklift purchase.


Different Load Capacities of Forklifts

Listed below are the most common forklift load capacities:


2500 Pounds

These forklift loads are perfect for warehouses and distribution centers that don’t have particularly heavy items. If you have a business where most of your inventory is under 50 pounds, this forklift load capacity will probably suffice.


5000 Pounds

A 5000 lb forklift is the next size up from a 2500 lb forklift. This load capacity will be necessary if you have heavier items in your inventory, such as appliances or building materials.


8000 Pounds

An 8000 lb forklift is the next size up from a 5000 lb forklift. This load capacity will be necessary if you have very heavy items in your inventory.


10000 Pounds

One of the largest forklift load capacities is a 10000 lb forklift. This forklift is reserved for the heaviest items, such as cars or large pieces of machinery. If you have a business that deals with particularly heavy inventory, this is the forklift equipment for you.


15000 Pounds

15000 lb forklift should only be operated by experienced fork lift trucks operators. They are typically used in construction or other industrial settings.

Now that you know the different capacities of forklifts, you can decide which one is right for your business. If you have any questions, feel free to contact us at Uforklift and we will be happy to help you find the perfect forklift for your needs.


Average Cost of Brand New Forklift for Sale

When it comes to forklifts, there are a lot of factors that come into play when trying to determine the average forklift price. These factors can include the type of forklift, the size and power of the forklift, and the features that are included.

The average price for a brand new forklift can range anywhere from $15,000 to $30,000. However, you can often find forklifts for less than the average price if you know where to look. Several used lift truck dealers sell both used and brand new forklifts for a fraction of the cost.

You can also check online auction sites such as eBay, as well as classified ads to find forklifts at a discounted price. When it comes to used forklifts, it is important to make sure that you are getting a forklift lifts forklift that is in good working condition.

Used forklifts usually range from $5000 to $15,000, depending on the make and model of the forklift, as well as the condition.

Keep in mind that forklifts are a hefty investment, so you want to be sure that you are getting the best forklift for your needs. Whether you decide to buy new or second hand forklifts, do your research to ensure that you are getting a quality forklift that will last for years to come.


5 Safety Tips for Operating a Forklift

When operating forklift equipment, it is important to keep safety in mind. Here are some tips to help you stay safe while using a forklift:


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Wear the Proper Clothing

This includes closed-toe shoes, long pants, and a shirt with sleeves. You want to avoid loose clothing that could get caught in the forklift.


Operate the Forklift at a Safe Speed

You should always operate the forklift at a safe speed and never exceed the posted speed limit. This will help you avoid accidents and injuries.


Don’t Use the Forklift if You’re Under the Influence

It is never a good idea to operate a forklift if you’re under the influence of drugs or alcohol. This could lead to serious accidents and even deaths.


Be Aware of Your Surroundings

You should always be aware of your surroundings when operating a forklift. This includes being aware of other people and vehicles in the area. Always look at the mirror before making any turns.


Follow the Proper Forklift Procedures

There are certain procedures that you need to follow when operating a forklift. These procedures are in place for your safety and the safety of others. Make sure you understand and follow these procedures.

Forklift | Uforklift (4)

By following these tips, you can help ensure your safety while operating a forklift. Remember to always use caution and be aware of your surroundings to avoid accidents happening.


Factors To Consider When Purchasing a Forklift

When purchasing a forklift, there are a few key factors that you need to keep in mind when making your purchase. The following factors are:


Forklift’s Capacity

The forklift’s capacity is important to consider because you want to make sure that the forklift can handle the weight of the loads that you will be lifting.


Forklift’s Fuel Type

Forklifts come in a variety of fuel types, including electric, petrol, and diesel. You need to decide which fuel type is best for your needs.


Forklift’s Attachments

Attachments can be added to forklifts to help with a variety of tasks. If you will be using the forklift for specific tasks, then you need to make sure that the forklift has the right attachments.


Forklift’s Age

Whereas, the forklift’s age is important to consider because you want to make sure that the forklift is in good condition and will not require extensive repairs.

When purchasing a forklift, keep these key factors in mind to ensure that you make the best purchase for your needs. Forklifts are a big investment, so you want to be sure that you are getting the best possible deal.

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Do your research and make sure you are getting the best forklift for your needs. And, always remember to follow safety procedures when operating a forklift to avoid any accidents or injuries.

Forklifts are a big investment, but they are a necessary piece of equipment for many businesses. So, if you are in the market for forklift equipment, be sure to consider all of your options before making your purchase.

Contact us today to learn more about forklifts and find out why we are the most trusted forklift manufacturer in China.


What are the 3 points of a forklift? ›

When entering or exiting a truck, you should maintain three points of contact until you are either in your seat or standing firmly on the ground. This means one hand and two feet or two hands and one foot at all times.

What does a forklift capacity chart tell you? ›

A forklift data plate contains essential information about the forklift, such as its operating weight, rated maximum capacity, model and serial numbers, any present attachments, and it load capacity chart.

Can a lift truck with a 5000 lb capacity at a 24 load center lift the following load? ›

For example, a 5,000-lb. capacity forklift may be capable of lifting that weight on 48-inch forks with a 24-inch load center. However, if you were to extend the load to 60 inches with a 30 inch load center, your capacity may drop to 4,000 lbs.

How do I pass OSHA forklift certification? ›

How to Pass the Forklift Practical Test?
  1. Wear a seatbelt.
  2. Use turn signals.
  3. Drive at appropriate speeds.
  4. Carefully handle ramps and other environmental obstructions.
  5. Safely travel through intersections (slow down, observe surroundings, etc.)
  6. Secure loads correctly.
  7. Maneuver loads correctly.
  8. Carefully unload products.
Sep 29, 2020

How long does a forklift practical test take? ›

The CPCS practical test for the Counterbalance/Industrial Forklift must be completed within seventy minutes and will consist of the candidate using the machine to complete a variety of activities and manoeuvres including lifting and placing loads.

What are 2 main causes of injuries when using forklifts? ›

Main Causes of Forklift Injuries

Forklifts fall between docks and unsecured trailers. Workers are struck by forklifts. Workers fall from elevated pallets and/or the platform of a forklift.

What are four 4 good safety tips to remember when using forklift trucks? ›

Safety basics

Only use a forklift for the purpose it was designed. Dangerous work practices include bumping pallets, pushing piles of material out of the way, moving heavy objects by using makeshift connections and attachments. Wear a seatbelt (if fitted). Obey speed limits and stop signs.

How do you calculate lift capacity for a forklift? ›

You can determine your forklift's maximum load moment by multiplying its weight rating by its center load distance, which you can find on the machine's data plate. For example, if your lift truck weighs 4,000 pounds and has a 24-inch load center, its load capacity would be 96,000 inch-pounds.

How do you calculate safe load capacity? ›

Take the rated load center and divide it by the actual load center and then multiply this number by the stated capacity to get the new approximate safe load capacity. The number (4,285-lbs) is the approximate safe load capacity.

What is the maximum lifting capacity? ›

The guidelines suggest that the maximum weight men should lift at work is 25kg. This relates to loads held close to the body at around waist height. The recommended maximum weight is reduced to 5kg for loads being held at arms length or above shoulder height.

Can forklift lift more than capacity? ›

Load capacity, rated capacity and net capacity all describe the maximum weight a lift truck can safely raise at a specified load center. If the load is not centered, the forklift cannot lift to its maximum capacity.

How much does an unloaded 5000 lb capacity lift truck weight? ›

An unloaded standard forklift at 5,000 lbs of rated lift capacity weighs 9,000 lbs.

Is forklift certification hard? ›

Earning a forklift certification isn't overly difficult, and it usually only takes one or two days to do so. Not to mention, it's an easy way to earn higher starting pay and stand out when applying for warehouse job opportunities.

Does OSHA recognize online forklift training? ›

OSHA requires forklift operator training to include 3 sections: Formal instruction (necessary background information delivered by book, lecture, video, software, or similar training materials) – This can be done online.

How much do forklift drivers make? ›

Find out what the average Forklift Driver salary is

The average forklift driver salary in South Africa is R 168 000 per year or R 86.15 per hour. Entry-level positions start at R 126 431 per year, while most experienced workers make up to R 1 296 000 per year.

How many questions are on the forklift written test? ›

The High Risk Work assessment consists of two parts: Written: 28 Critical Questions – 100 % to pass. Calculations 8 Critical Questions – 100% to pass.

How much is a forklift test? ›

e-certificate £10 +VAT = £12.00. e-card & e-certificate £15 + VAT = £18.00.

Will forklift license expire? ›

You should attend refresher training on the operation of forklifts once every 3 years.

What are the forklift golden rules? ›

Place loads back by the mast, where they'll balance most stable; never place loads at the front of the forks. Never load trucks beyond approved capacity. Always travel with the forks positioned as low as possible for increased stability and protection. Never travel with forks that are elevated and/or tilted forward.

What is a safe speed limit for forklifts? ›

The Material Handling Equipment Distributors Association (MHEDA) recommends a max speed of 8 mph in general and a 3 mph max speed in areas where pedestrians are present.

What is a safe forklift speed? ›

Forklifts shall be operated at a safe speed with due regard for traffic and conditions. Maximum speed limits: inside buildings, 5 mph; outside buildings in work areas, 7 mph; on roads, 10 mph. Slow down on wet and slippery surfaces and at cross aisles or locations where vision is obstructed.

What is the number 1 cause of forklift accidents? ›

The main reason for Forklift accidents is the lack of proper Forklift Training and lack of Forklift Certification given by the Company. There are still many companies allowing Forklift Operators drive the equipment without a Forklift License or a proper Forklift Training.

What is the most common forklift accident? ›

A forklift overturning is the most common incident, accounting for 25% of all forklift accidents. If companies implemented more stringent training policies, the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) estimates that about 70% of forklift accidents in the US could be prevented.

What is the 3 foot halo rule? ›

Halo Rule: Maintains that one must always stay three feet away from forklifts. This creates a “safety halo” that consists of a two-ring zone – the danger zone and the warning zone. Danger Zone: This is the zone within three feet of a forklift. If a pedestrian is within three feet, the operator must stop.

What are 5 safety rules for forklift? ›

Stay Safe While Using A Forklift

Make sure the load is balanced and fully secure to prevent a forklift from tipping over. Ensure both forks are as far under the load as possible before lifting. Drive with the load as low as safely possible. Pay attention to posted speed limits and warning signs.

Whats the first thing you check on a forklift? ›

Check for leaks, cracks and visible defects everywhere on the forklift. Check mast chains visually; avoid the use of hands. Test mast chain tension by lifting the load backrest to eye level—the mast chains should be level and any tilting may signify stretching or broken rollers.

Can you fail a FLT test? ›

The forklift theory test involves 25 questions. 20 are multiple-choice, the other 5 require a written answer in the form of a sentence. The pass mark for the theory test is 80%. You can re-take the theory assessment if you fail but our mock theory tests are here to help you pass first time.

What is the blue light for on a fork lift? ›

An LED Blue Spotlight Alerts Pedestrians to Oncoming Traffic

A blue LED spotlight (typically mounted on the overhead guard) projects a bright blue light 10-20 feet in front of the forklift. The light precedes the forklift into intersections, warning pedestrians of an oncoming lift truck.

Is a forklift theory test multiple choice? ›

Quick forklift theory test

test will be multiple choice, and you will generally need to get 80% of the questions correct to pass.

Is forklift written test hard? ›

Earning a forklift certification isn't overly difficult, and it usually only takes one or two days to do so. Not to mention, it's an easy way to earn higher starting pay and stand out when applying for warehouse job opportunities.

Are forklifts difficult? ›

You'll only navigate safely through a buy building or warehouse when you understand that a forklift is nowhere as responsive as a car. Forklifts have rear-wheel steering, which makes it difficult to stop swiftly. Remember, forklifts are heavy machinery, so they're precarious to drive.

Can I refuse to drive a forklift? ›

The Long and short of it is no, a forklift license is not a mandatory requirement.

What does OSHA say about forklift speed? ›

There's no defined OSHA forklift speed limit. Instead, OSHA leaves it up to employers to determine a safe forklift speed. The Material Handling Equipment Distributors Association (MHEDA) “recommends a max speed of 8 mph in general and a 3 mph max speed in high pedestrian traffic areas."

What does the red light mean on a forklift? ›

The red safety light shows a pedestrian how far to remain away from a forklift to avoid being hit by a rear end swing.

Does OSHA require brake lights on forklifts? ›

Question: Does OSHA have regulations that specify that forklifts used in general industry are required to have flashing lights and/or back-up beepers? Response: OSHA does not specify that powered industrial trucks must be equipped with flashing lights and/or back-up beepers.

How many questions in a forklift test? ›

The High Risk Work assessment consists of two parts: Written: 28 Critical Questions – 100 % to pass. Calculations 8 Critical Questions – 100% to pass.

Can a forklift tip over without a load? ›

A forklift can become unstable, even if it does not have a load. For example, if a driver turns too fast around a sharp curve, their lift can tip. Or, if a driver is traveling on an unbalanced surface, their lift can tip if it shifts too far in one direction.

How do I pass my multiple-choice theory test? ›

Top tips to help you pass your theory test
  1. Book your test as early as possible.
  2. Take at least one mock exam before the real thing.
  3. Familiarise yourself with the Highway Code.
  4. Be mindful of time limits during the test.
  5. Read multiple-choice questions carefully.
  6. Spot hazards when you're out on the road.

What are the five things to check on forklift? ›

Operators are urged to inspect forklifts before each job, checking first the items that can be monitored without the engine running. Checkpoints should include seat belts, tires, lights, horns, brakes, backup alarms, and fluid levels, as well as the moving and load-supporting parts of the forklift.


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